The French bulldog is indeed a fascinating dog to own provided you know all about its characteristics, temperament and behavior. There is no point buying a French bulldog only to later realize it is not the type of dog for you.
It is believed that the French bulldog is descended from the 19th-century English bulldogs that were trained to serve as companions and lapdogs for most working people. When these workers eventually migrated to France during the middle of the century, they took these dogs along with them, and then allowed them to cross with French terrier breeds.
By the late 1800’s these dogs acquired the name ‘French Bulldogs’ and were soon patronized by American tourists who took them back home and cultivated the breed. The first French Bulldog Club came into being in America in 1898.
Some stories suggest that the French bulldog is a descendent of a Spanish bull-baiting dog. During the 1860’s when bulldogs were very popular in Britain some small puppies were imported into France by the French dog breeders and then crossed with French terriers. This resulted in the French bulldogs as we know them now.
Physical appearance of the French Bulldog:
The standard skin colors are different shades of brindle, white, fawn or pied. The skin is smooth and soft pronouncedly at the head and shoulders forming wrinkles. The head appears unusually big and square in shape. The top of the skull is flat though somewhat rounded. There is a noticeable groove between the eyes. The muscles of the cheeks appear prominent. The nose is short but the nostrils are broad with a distinct line between them.
The flews are thick and wide, hanging over the lower jaw on either side and covering the teeth. Ears are like bat ears, wide at the base, quite long with round top, set fairly high in the head. The neck is thick and markedly arched, with loose skin at the throat area. The forelegs are short, stubby, straight and muscular and set wide apart. The hind legs are also strong and muscular and longer than the forelegs and this elevates the loins above the shoulders.
The body is short and well rounded. The back is strong and sturdy, broad at the shoulders and tapering at the loins. The tail is short, straight and screwed but never curly.
Most French bulldogs are 12 inches (30cm) in height and belong to different categories of weight classes – 19-22 (9-10kg.) pounds and 22-28 pounds (10-13kg.). French bulldogs weighing more than 28 pounds is considered a disqualification.
A new form of the french bulldog breed that is becoming popular with dog owners is the shorty bull. Shorty bulls were created by mixing 5 different types of bull dog breed, some of which were the French Bulldogs and the American Pit Bull Terrier. Shorty Bulls can be American Bully Kennel Club (ABKC) registered and are found at the majority of the American Bully Shows.