Chow Chow Dog Breed
The chow chow dog breed is considered as one of the oldest dog breeds, this breed is a true masterpiece of dignity and beauty. They possess the unique characteristic of having a blue-black tongue. They are keenly intelligent, have an independent spirit, and display a dignified demeanor. The Chow is extremely aloof and discerning. The Chow Chow world is full of wonders. Some have only been created by nature. Others have simply appeared as they are.
This breed is alert, independent and strong-willed; it is self-willed to the point of obstinacy. To its owner and family it is friendly. A well-bred and well-socialized Chow Chow can be just that an excellent family dog. Chow Chow dogs have sturdy, broad, medium-sized frames covered in dense furry coats that can either be smooth or rough.
If you admire the Chow Chow dog’s unique appearance and independent spirit, you’ll have a fiercely loyal companion who will be a true treasure in your household.
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Origin/History of the breed of the Chow Chow dog:
More than 2,000 years old and perhaps dating back over 3,000 years, the Chow Chow is one of the oldest known breed of dogs. The true origin of the breed is unknown but there are several beliefs that were based on the genetic testing done by the researchers; some believe it descends from ancient Mastiff-type dogs crossed with Spitz types. Originating in China, some historians speculate that Chows may have originated in the Arctic Circle, and then migrated into Mongolia, Siberia, and China. This heavily coated dog was bred to be an all-around working dog, capable of surviving severely cold climates. They were kept by fierce Mongolian nomads in China as hunting and guard dog. Chows were also used as retrievers, pointers, and sled dogs.
Others believe the Chow chow is the ancestor of the modern Spitz group of dogs as well as the Akita and Shar-Pei. Several ancient artifacts such as pottery and sculptures dating back to the Han Dynasty depict the evidence of the Chow Chow dog during that duration of time.
There are different theories as to how the Chow Chow dog got his name. The best one found out to be Chow, or ‘Chou’, is Chinese slang for edible. Authorities claim that both Chinese and Koreans bred these dogs to be eaten, particularly the smooth-coated variety two reasons why they were domesticated by such tribes. In 1878, a British historian and authority on China claimed to have found 25 restaurants in Canton featuring chows on the menu. In 1915, a law was passed in China prohibiting the buying and selling of dog meat.
After becoming the pets of royals like Queen Victoria, they rose in popularity. The AKC recognized the breed in 1903. Today, Chow Chow dogs rank 64th in popularity among the 155 breeds and varieties recognized by the AKC.
Physical Characteristics and structure of the Chow Chow:
Height and Weight: The height of the Chow Chow dogs range between 18-22 inches (46-56 cm). They weigh about 45-70 pounds (20-32 kg).
Head: They have broad heads and muzzles, triangular ears and dark, widely set eyes that have a dignified and reserved expression. The black nose is large with well open nostrils. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The small, erect ears are triangular in shape and round at the tip. The almond-shaped eyes are deep-set and dark in color.
Body Frame: The Chow Chow dog has sturdy, broad, medium-sized frames. There is a huge ruff behind the head, which gives it a lion like appearance. The chest is broad and deep. They have furry tails which they carry high.
Color: They come in black, blue, red, cream and cinnamon-some tan and gray the Chow Chow dog can also be found.
Coat: Chows can have two coat types: rough and smooth. The rough coat is thick and abundant standing off from the body. Beneath that outer coat lies a soft, thick, woolly undercoat. The hair is thicker around the head and neck, forming a ruff, or mane. The tail, which lies over the back, is also thickly furred. The smooth coated Chow Chow has a hard, dense, smooth outer coat with no obvious ruff or feathering (longer hair on the ears, legs, tail, or body).
Behavior and Temperament:
The Chow Chow is most commonly kept as a pet. It has been said that the Chow Chow will die for his master but not readily obey him; walk with him but not trot meekly to heel; honor him but not fawn on his friends and relations. Their keen sense of proprietorship over their homes paired with a sometimes disconcertingly serious approach to strangers can be off putting to those unfamiliar with the breed. All of these characteristics are found only in well trained Chow Chows. However, displays of timidity and aggression are uncharacteristic of well-bred and well socialized specimens. For them to display a good show at home it is peculiar of its owner to train them at a tender age. The typical Chow’s behavior is thought to be more similar to a domestic cat rather than a domestic dog.
Chows are naturally aggressive toward dogs of the same sex, and their hunting instincts can take over if presented with a small dog or a cat. Chows should be kept in a single-dog family, or raised alongside a second dog of the opposite sex and similar size.
They need firm authority and dog training starting at puppy hood. Whether you are adopting a puppy or an adult dog, owners need to set the rules in which the dog must follow and stick to them. Chow Chow’s obedience is low. This dog breed needs experienced and resolute handlers, who can train them consistently throughout their lives. Their demeanor strictly adheres to their own standards of social manners as possessing a prominently independent trait that appears to be tenaciously hard to be controlled. Training them can be a challenge that calls for a profound ability and great patience to transform this obstinate breed into a gregarious and joyous pet; more fun-loving toward other family members and friends and mild-mannered around other pets and strangers.
Living Conditions and Health:
Quiet docile in nature, they prefer a simple life. They would do just fine in an apartment life if it is sufficiently exercised. It is sensitive to heat, can live in or outdoors in cooler weather. Chow Chows have a life expectancy of 10 to 15 years.
Breed health concerns may include hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, thyroid disease and ocular disorders such as entropion and ectropion; this can be corrected with surgery.
Chow Chows can be lazy, but need to be taken for a daily walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display a wide array of behavior problems.
The Chow Chow requires brushing & combing in order to keep him at his best with regards to conditioning and appearance. Brushing once or twice a week will keep housecleaning to a minimum as a Chow sheds gradually during the year.