The American Bulldog is a breed of working dog that was developed in the United States. The American Bulldog is a dominant, athletic, medium-large sized dog with great muscular strength and endless endurance.
There are a full size and weight latitude in the breed, which vary according to the type but overall the American bulldog is always “well balanced.” Exaggeration of any part of the dog would reduce his effectiveness at work. There are considered to be three types of American bulldog:
- The Bully or Classic model (sometimes called the Johnson type ),
- The Standard or Performance type (also called the Scott type),
- The Hybrid type.
The names associated with the Bully and Standard types are those of the breeders who were influential in developing them, John D. Johnson (Bully) and Alan Scott (Standard). American Bulldogs are thought to be descendants from working type bulldogs found commonly on ranches and farms in the Southern and Midwestern parts of the United States. Return to the top
American Bulldog Index:
- History of the Breed and Origin
- Introduction of the American Bulldog
- Physical Characteristics
- Breeding and Grooming
- Dog Supplements and Nutrition
Bulldogs in England were initially working dogs that drove and caught cattle and guarded their masters’ property. At one time, the breed was used in the grueling sport of bull baiting. With the outlawing of the dog sport in England in 1835, the original type of Bulldog disappeared from Britain and was replaced with the less athletic dog we now know as the English Bulldog. The original Bulldog was preserved by immigrants who brought their working dogs with them to the American South. By the end of World War II, the last remnants of the working English Bulldog were disappearing in the U.S. Thanks to the breeding programs of John D. Johnson and Allen Scott; the breed was brought back from the brink of extinction. The American Bulldog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1999 in the rare, working class.
Despite there being a great variety of the breed today, the American Bulldog is thought to be the most typical example of the original English Bulldogs of the 17th and 18 centuries. Bred and kept primarily for hunting and as a guard Dog, the American Bulldog was also used in Bull baiting – a cruel and bloody sport where the American Bulldog would publicly fight and being down a Bull. The American Bulldog is most commonly found on the ranches of the southern states of the USA, where it has also been known as the Southern White, the Country Bulldog and the White Bulldog.
American bulldogs are now safe from extinction and are enjoying a healthy increase in popularity, either as a working/protector dog or as a family pet. All over the world, they are used variously as “hog dogs” (catching escaped pigs or hunting razorbacks), as cattle drovers and as working or sport K-9s. American Bulldogs also successfully compete in several dog sports such as dog obedience, Schutzhund, French Ring, Mondio Ring, Iron Dog competition and weight pulling. They are also exhibited in conformation shows in the UKC, NKC, ABA, ABRA and the SACBR (South Africa).
The American Bulldog is a large and powerful breed of Dog belonging to the Mastiff family. They share many of their characteristics with other Mastiff breeds including their small, half-pricked, pendant shaped ears and their square, broadhead. The American Bulldog is bigger, faster and agiler than the English Bulldog, and has such powerful hind legs that they can jump up to 6ft high. The American Bulldog has short, coarse fur that can be found in a variety of colors, but most notably white and brindle. They are an incredibly muscular and powerful breed having been bred as hunters, guardians and to fight (and win) against Bulls. Return to the top
- Height: Males: 22 – 27 inches; Females: 20 – 25 inches.
- Weight: Male: 75 – 125 lbs.; Female: 60 – 100 lbs.
- Colors: All white, pied, or up to 90% colour; brindle or red patches (red is defined as any shade of tan, bro
- Coat: The coat is short, close, and stiff to the touch.
Behavior and Temperament:
The American Bulldog is a courageous and fearless breed, known to be incredibly aggressive at times when it feels under threat. They are however friendly and even sociable dogs, having been known to be kept in a pack that primarily hunts large carnivores, such as Bears. They are also known to be loyal and devoted towards their owner, providing that they assert themselves as the leader of the pack (dominance issues may occur otherwise). Although the American Bulldog is not listed under the UK’s Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, it is not uncommon for them to be confused with more aggressive breeds such as Pit Bulls. These Dogs are not related but are indeed banned, so any potential owner of the American Bulldog is encouraged to acquire the adequate paperwork to prove that their Dog is not a dangerous breed.
The American Bulldog is brave and determined. It is not a hostile dog. Alert and self-confident, this breed genuinely loves children. It is known for its acts of heroism towards its master. They have high protective instincts and need a firm, confident, consistent pack leader. Well-socialized and obedience train them at an early age, to prevent them from becoming reserved with strangers. They need to be around people and know their place in their pack to be truly happy. This breed tends to drool and slobber. Without enough daily mental and physical exercise they will become high strung and may become hard to handle.
Dog Breeding and Grooming:
The color of the America Bulldog’s fur, along with very subtle differences in general appearance and temperament, is said to differ between different areas. In regions where the American Bulldog is most famous, the Dogs are supposed to be able to differentiate between these places, which suggests that the American Bulldog is most commonly bred with individuals that live close. After their near extinction in the 1940s, the American Bulldogs found throughout America today, are nearly all thought to have derived from Dogs bred by just two breeders during the mid-1900s. Females give birth to between 6 and 11 puppies per litter and can often live to be more than 15 years old. The short, harsh coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.